Erakina boar, eraka are Indus Script metalwork signifiers


“The ancient name of Eran, Erakina (as mentioned in the Sanchi inscriptions), Airikina (as mentioned in the inscription of Samudragupta) or Erikina (as mentioned in the inscription of Toramana) is derived from Eraka.”

Residents of Eran had made some gifts to the famous stupa situated at Sanchi.

The colossal varaha statue of Eraka or Erikina is 11 ft. 5 in. high and 14 ft. long, with an inscription in Samskritam. The varaha is an Indus Script rhinoceros hieroglyph: kANDa ‘rhinoceros’ rebus: khaNDa ‘metal implements’.

Hepthalite confederation from Tokharistan, Turushka who spoke eastern Iranian language of Hindu Kush (408-670) “Inscription on the neck of the boar – written in 8 lines in Sanskrit in Brahmi script – dated in the first reign of Toramana – The object of the inscription is to record the building of the temple in which the current Varaha image stands, by Dhanyavishnu, the younger brother of the deceased Maharaja Matrivishnu, same person who erected the above pillar.” Toramana=Mihirakula was a father-son duo renowned for sun worship (derived from Middle Iranian Mihr),  Huna who moved from the Punjab to Central India.

“At the height of its power in the first half of the 6th century, the Hephthalite (Huna) Empire controlled territory in present-day Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India andChina.”

Harappa tablet kuTi ‘tree’ rebus: kuThi ‘smelter’.

Eran, anonymous 1/2 AE karshapana,  five punch ‘symbol type’
Weight:  5.35 gm., Dimensions: 20×19 mm.
‘Ujjain symbol’, Indradhvaja, railed tree, river.
Blank reverse
Reference:  Pieper 482 (plate coin)

Eran-Vidisha, 300-200 BCE, Copper, 8.63g, 4 symbols type

Eran-Vidisha, 200 BCE, Copper (2), 1.98g & 2.43g, Swastika with Taurine

“Vidisha, Sanchi and Udayagiri complex, together with Dhar, Mandu and Eran, all in Madhya Pradesh, have yielded ancient metallic objects (exemplified by the Delhi iron pillar)…”

Indus script hieroglyphs: karaDi ‘safflower’ rebus: karaDa ‘hard alloy’; poLa ‘zebu’ rebus: poLa ‘magnetite’; jasta ‘svastika’ rebus: sattva ‘zinc, spelter’ kariba ‘trunk of elephant’ ibha ‘elephant’ rebus: karb ‘iron’ ib ‘iron’; kuTi ‘tree’ rebus: kuThi ‘smelter’ sangaDa ‘brazier, standard device’ rebus: sangaTas ‘collection of implemnts’ dhAV ‘ strand of rope, dotted circle’ rebus: dhavaD ‘smelter’; dhAtu ‘mineral ore’; kANDa ‘water’ rebus: khaNDa ‘implements’. Infixed within the ‘standard device’ is a ‘twist’ hieroglyph: meDha ‘twist’ rebus: meD ‘iron’ med ‘copper’ (Slavic)

Billon drachm of the Indo-Hephthalite King Napki Malka(Afghanistan/ Gandhara, c. 475–576). Obverse shows a fire altar with a spoked wheel on the left kanda ‘fire-altar’ eraka ‘knave of wheel’ rebus: eraka ‘moltencast, copper’. Eraka! this is the source for the name of Erakina. Eraka is also the appellation of Subrahmanya in Swamimalai, a place renowned for cire perdue castings of pancaloha murti-s and utsava bera-s. Eraka is an emphatic semantic indicator of copper metalwork and metalcastings.

We have been that a Mihirakula coin showed a fire-altar. Toramana’s coins are also found in plenty in Kashmir. (J F Fleet, Coins and history of Toramana, IA,1889 26.) See:  “Notes on the Yuezhi – Kushan Relationship and Kushan Chronology”, by Hans Loeschner. Journal of Oriental Numismatic Society 2008, p.19

Erakina has a fort in ruins attributed to the Dangis who are kshatriya rajput,  in Bundelkhand region, Rajasthanand spread across the states Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana(in Haryana and Panjab they are called kshatriya Jat) , Gujarat, Uttrakhand, Maharashtra,Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Punjab, and Nepal. Dangi is a dialect of Braj Bhasha.

Eran was a coin-minting centre. Semi-circle on Eran coins may have signified a crucible: kuThAra ‘crucible’ Rebus: kuThAri ‘warehouse keeper’ kuThAru ‘armourer’.

Eran was on the Bharruch (Bhragu Kachha), Ujjain to Kaushambi, Mathura, Taxishila trade route.

“Some coins from Eran bear the figure of goddess Lakshmi, other show animals (horse and elephant), tree within- railing and various other symbols, such as swastika, triratna, Indradhwaja, dharmachakra, lotus, Ujjain symbol, river with fishes semi-circle design, crescent, cakra, bull, sadarcakra, hill, taurine and the vajra symbol, river with fish and the cross and ball symbol…The excavation at Eran have yielded a hoard of 3,268 coins in which most of the coins are made by copper and some of theme were silver coated. These belong to 2nd century BCE…The number of copper punch-marked coins was found to be much larger than the silver punch-marked coins. Most remarkable among the die-struck coins were the square karsapanas of a standard weight of 144 grains and their several denominations. 24 coins of these occur on the tribal coins of weight of most of the coins varies from 17.45 grains to 24.43 grains. Punch-marked coins belong to about 300 BC, if not a little earlier. The latest phase of the copper punch-marked coins at Eran comes to a close by the end of the 3rd century AD, as revealed from the excavation. Coins of the Kshatrapas, satavahana and Nagas, Gupta king Ramagupta, Huna rular Tormana and of the Indo-Sassanian rulershave been found. The Naga coins found at Eran, Vidhisha, pawaya (padmawati), and Mathura show various common features. The names of rulers occurring on these coins are to be carefully studied and compared in order to arrive at a correct attribution and chronology of the Nagas…Dr. Mohan Lal Chadhar acquired 460 punch marked coins in a small earthen pot. These coins are made of silver, copper, tin and bronze alloy metal and are approximately 2300 years old (i.e. 3rd century BC).These coins contain elephant, Sun, Sadara Cakra, Taurine, Tortoise, point in circle, Tree on platform, swastika, ox, hill, fish, Twin snake, Vajra and Ujjain symbol. On these coins the obverse side mainly consists of five signs and the reverse side one or two signs. The most common symbol on reverse is Swastika. Sun, sadara cakra, Fish symbols are displayed on obverse side. ”  (Bajpai, Krishnadutta D. (1996). Indian Numismatic Studies. New Delhi. Dr. Mohan Lal Chadhar, Mekal Insights, Journal of Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, Vol. II No.01,January 2010. P,94)

File:Vishnu Varaha Statue Eran.JPG

Varaha in front of Vishnu Temple at Eran, Madhya Pradsh

Mandapa of the Vishnu Temple at Eran

S. Kalyanaraman

Sarasvati Research Center

December 27, 2015


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